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10 cấu trúc hay gặp nhất trong đề thi tiếng anh

10 cấu trúc hay gặp nhất trong đề thi tiếng anh

Trong phần thi viết tiếng anh, thường yêu cầu vận dụng nhiều cấu trúc để hoàn thành câu trong một thời gian ngắn. Ecorp English sẽ giới thiệu 10 cấu trúc hay gặp nhất để đạt điểm cao. 

1. Những lưu ý để làm bài thi tốt nhất 

Đầu tiên: Đọc kỹ câu cho trước và cố gắng hiểu nghĩa trọn vẹn ý của câu đó. Chú ý từ khóa, S &V, và cấu trúc được sử dụng ở câu gốc.

Thứ 2: Chú ý những từ trong đề thi cho trước. Đưa ra ý tưởng viết lại câu sử dụng cách khác, cấu trúc khác mà vẫn giữ được ý nguyên vẹn của câu cho trước.

Thứ 3: Viết lại câu mới. Chú ý đến: Chủ ngữ và động từ mới, thì của câu mới.

Chú ý sự thay đổi của các cụm từ tương ứng (như although- despite, adj-adv, if- unless…)

2. 15 cấu trúc hay gặp nhất trong đề thi tiếng anh

Cấu trúc 1: S + began / started + to V/ V-ing + time ago (nhận dạng cấu trúc: began/ started to V/ Ving: bắt đầu làm gì)

Viết lại thành: S + have/has + P2 / been Ving+ for / since …

Ví dụ: She began to play the piano 5 years ago

=> She has played/ has been playing the piano for 5 years

Cấu trúc 2: This is the first time + S +have/has+P2: Lần đầu làm gì

=> S +have/ has + never + P2+ before

=> S+ have/ has not+ P2+ before

Ví dụ: This is the first time I have met him

=> I have never met him before.

=> I haven’t met him before.

Cấu trúc 3: This is the Superlative (…est/ most ADJ N) S +have/has+P2

=> S +have/ has + never + P2+ such a/an+ ADJ+ N

=> S+ have/ has never+ P2+ a more + ADJ+ N than this

This is the most interesting novel I have ever read.

=> I have never read such an interesting novel.

=> I have never read a more interesting novel than this (one/ novel)

Cấu trúc 4: It + Be/V + such + (a/an) + (adj) + N(s) + that + S + V +O: Quá… đến nỗi mà…

Ví dụ:

– It is such a high top shelf that the children can not reach it.

– He was such a fast runner that I could not follow him

Cấu trúc 5: S + Be/V + adj/ adv + enough + (for someone) + to do something : Đủ… cho ai đó làm gì…

Chúng ta thường lấy ADJ đối nghĩa của ADJ cho sẵn trong câu “too” để dùng tạo câu mới.

Ví dụ: She is too young to get married.
=> She isn’t old enough to get married.

Cấu trúc 6: It’s adj (for Sb) to do sth: Ai đó làm gì như thế nào?

=> Doing sth be ADJ (for sb)

=> S find Ving/ it/ N + ADJ to do sth

Ví dụ: It’s difficult for me to wake up early in the morning.

=> Waking up early in the morning is difficult for me.

=> I find waking up early in the morning difficult.

=> I find it difficult to wake up in the morning.

(với N) I find English interesting to study.

Ví dụ: It’s cool to try your best for what you want.

=> Trying your best for what you want is cool.

I find it cool to try your best for what you want.

 S + last + Ved + time+ ago: Lần cuối cùng làm gì

=> S + have/ has +not+ for + time

=> It’s + time+ since + S + last + Ved.

=> The last time + S + V ed+ was + time + ago.

Ví dụ: It last snowed 2 weeks ago.

=> It hasn’t snowed for 2 weeks

=> It’s 2 weeks since it last snowed.

=> The last time it snowed was 2 weeks ago.

S + Be/V + too + adj/adv + (for someone) + to do something: Quá….để cho ai làm gì…

Ví dụ:

– The top shelf is too high for the children to reach.

– He ran too fast for me to follow.

Cấu trúc 7: S + Be/V + so + adj/ adv + that + S + V+O: Quá… đến nỗi mà…

Ví dụ:

– The top shelf is so high that the children can not not reach it.

– He ran so fast that I could not follow him.

Notes: Trong cấu trúc So… that: vế sau that là mệnh đề mới nên cần có thêm O sau V nên ta có reach it và follow him, trong khi đó ở cấu trúc “too” thì không, các em hết sức lưu ý.

There’s no point in Ving: không đáng, không có ích khi làm gì?

=> It’s no good/ no use Ving

=> It’s not worth Ving

Ví dụ: There’s no point in arguing.

=> It’s no good/ no use arguing

=> It’s not worth arguing

Cấu trúc 8: Các cấu trúc liên quan đến câu gián tiếp

– Đề nghị: Suggest

  • Shall we+ V…./Let’s+ V…/How/What about+ Ving…./Why dont we + V ..

=> S+ suggested+ Ving: đề nghị cùng làm gì.

Ví dụ: “Why don’t we go out for a walk?” said the boy.

=> The boy suggested going out for a walk

  • Gợi ý cho người khác: “Why don’t you+ Vo?

=> S+ suggested+ that+ S+ should/shouldn’t+ V

Ví dụ: “Why don’t you have a rest?” he said to her

=> He suggested that she should have a rest.

  •  Cáo buộc : S accused Sb of doing sth

“You stole the money on the table”, she said to him

=> She accused him of stealing the money on the table.

  • Thừa nhận hoặc phủ nhận

S+ admitted/ denied+ Ving/ having P2.

He said “Yes, I did”

=> He admitted stealing/ having stolen the money on the table

He said: ” No, I didn’t”

=> He denied stealing/ having stolen the money on the table

  • Lời khuyên (should/ought to/ had better/ If I were you…/ Why don’t you)

S + advised sb + (not) to V

“If I were you, I would save some money” she said

=> She advised me to save some money.

“You shouldn’t believe him” Jane said to Peter.

=> Jane advised Peter not to believe him.

  • Câu mời (Would you like……?)

S+ offered Sb Sth

S+ offered to do Sth

S + invited sb+ to V

Would you like a cup of coffee, Peter?” I said.

=> I offered Peter a cup of coffee.

“Would you like me to clean the house for you” he said.

=> He offered to clean the house for me.

“Would you like to go to the cinema with me tonight?” he said.

=> He invited me to go to the cinema with him that night.

  • Dặn dò: S + remember + to do Sth

=> S + don’t forget + to do Sth

=> S remind Sb to do Sth

He told me: “Don’t forget to come here on time tomorrow”.

=> He reminded me to come there on time the next day.

She said to all of us: “Remember to submit the report by this Thursday”

=> She reminded all of us to submit the report by that Thursday.

  • Cảm ơn: Thank Sb for Ving/ N

“Thank you for helping me finish this project ” he said to us.

=> He thanked us for helping him finish that project.

” Thank you for this lovely present.” I said to him.

=> I thanked him for that lovely present.

  •  Xin lỗi: S apologized to sb for Ving

“Sorry, I broke your vase” he said to his mother.

=> He apologized to his mother for breaking her vase

  • Khen ngợi: S congratulated Sb on Ving

“Congratulations! You won the first prize” he said to me.

=> He congratulated me on winning the first prize.

  • Đe dọa: S+ threatened (sb)+to V/ not to V : đe doạ (ai) làm gì

He said ” I will kill you if you don’t do that “-

=> He threatened to kill me if I didn’t do that

 Chú ý đến các dạng cấu trúc trong câu điều kiện

– Unless = If not.

If you don’t have a visa, you can not come to America

=> Unless you have a visa, you can not come to America

– Đảo ngữ trong điều kiện loại 1: Should+ S+ V

+ Loại 2: Were S+ Adj/N / to V

+ Loại 3: Had+ S+ (not) P2

You can ring this number whenever there is any difficulty.

Should there be any difficulty, ring this number.

Cấu trúc 9: Các cấu trúc liên quan đến bị động

– Have Sb do sth => have Sth done

Ví dụ: We get him to look after our house when we are on business.

=> We get our house looked after (by him) when we are on business

– Make Sb do sth-> Sb be made to do Sth

The teacher made the students work hard.

=> The students were made to work hard.

– People say S+ V

=> It be said that S+ V

=> S be said to V/ to have P2

Ví dụ: People say that he drinks a lot of wine.

=> It is said that he drinks a lot of wine.

=> He is said to drink a lot of wine.

Cấu trúc 9: Các cấu trúc liên quan đến câu đảo ngữ.

– Never will I speak to him again.

– No sooner had I arrived home than the phone rang.

– Hardly had I arrived home when the phone rang.

– Only after posting the letter did I realize that I had forgotten to put on a stamp.

– Not until I asked a passer-by did I know where I was = It was not until I asked a passer-by that I knew where I was.

– Around the corner is the hospital.

Cấu trúc 10: Although/ Though/ Even though + clause (S+V)

=> Despite / In spite of+ Noun/gerund (Ving)

=> Despite/ in spite of the fact that S+ V,….

Ví dụ: Although they don’t have money, they still live happily.

=> Despite no money/ having no money, they still live happily.

=> In spite of the fact that they don’t have money, they still live happily.

Although/ Though/ Even though + clause (S+V)

=> Despite / In spite of+ Noun/gerund (Ving)

=> Despite/ in spite of the fact that S+ V,….

Ví dụ: Although they don’t have money, they still live happily.

=> Despite no money/ having no money, they still live happily.

=> In spite of the fact that they don’t have money, they still live happily.

 

Chúc các em sẽ nắm chắc cấu trúc này để bài thi đạt kết quả cao nhé.

Xem thêm:

ECorp Starter – Tiếng Anh cho người mất gốc

ECorp Elementary – Tiếng Anh Giao tiêp Phản xạ

ECorp Pre- Intermediate – Tiếng Anh Giao tiêp Thành thạo

 

 

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